Breast Cancer?What is Breast Cancer?Read more...
Bone CancerWhat is Bone Cancer?Read more...
Bladder CancerWhat is Bladder Cancer?Read more...
Blood CancerWhat is Blood Cancer ?Read more...
Cervical CancerWhat is Cervical Cancer ?Read more...
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Gastric CancerWhat is Gastric Cancer?Read more...
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Hormone TherapyWhat is Hormone Therapy?Read more...
IMRTIntensity Modulated Radiation TherapyRead more...
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Lung CancerWhat is Lung Cancer?Read more...
Liver CancerWhat is Liver Cancer?Read more...
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Oral CancerWhat is Oral Cancer?Read more...
Ovarian Cancer What is Ovarian Cancer?Read more...
Pancreatic CancerWhat is Pancreatic Cancer?Read more...
Prostate CancerWhat is Prostate Cancer?Read more...
Skin CancerWhat is Skin Cancer?Read more...
Uterine CancerWhat is Uterine Cancer?Read more...
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast tissue is attached to muscle on the chest wall. A tail of breast tissue extends up into the armpit. The breasts contain -
Many lobules which are made up of glandular tissue. They make milk after pregnancy.
Many women find that their breasts become more lumpy and tender before periods. Breasts also alter their size and shape with increasing age, pregnancy, and with marked weight changes. What is important is that you get to know your own breasts - how they look and feel - and report any changes promptly to a doctor.
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too.
Breast cancer is majorly seen in women, though rare but it also affects men. The calcium deposits or formation of a confined small tumor is the beginning of any breast cancer that spread from the blood stream into the other organs or different channels inside the breast into the lymph nodes. The rate of spread and growth are different that can spread even further than the breast.
You may not be able to control every situation and its outcome, but you can control your attitude and how you deal with it.
GOD didn’t add another day in your life because you needed it, he added it because someone out there needs you.
The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, and a deep loving concern. Beautiful people do not just happen.
Dear GOD, if today I lose my hope please remind me that your plans are better than my Dream.....
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
In its early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As a tumor develops, you may note the following signs -
Warning Signs of Breast Cancer
The signs and symptoms of breast cancer include -
Types of Breast Cancer
Invasive breast cancer - the cancer cells break out from inside the lobules or ducts and invade nearby tissue. With this type of cancer, the abnormal cells can reach the lymph nodes, and eventually make their way to other organs (metastasis), such as the bones, liver or lungs. The abnormal (cancer) cells can travel through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system to other parts of the body; either early on in the disease, or later.
Non-invasive breast cancer - this is when the cancer is still inside its place of origin and has not broken out. Lobular carcinoma in situ is when the cancer is still inside the lobules, while ductal carcinoma in situ is when they are still inside the milk ducts. "In situ" means "in its original place". Sometimes, this type of breast cancer is called "pre-cancerous"; this means that although the abnormal cells have not spread outside their place of origin, they can eventually develop into invasive breast cancer.
Stages of Breast Cancer
The breast cancer stage is based on the results of testing that is done on the tumor and lymph nodes removed during surgery and other tests.
Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)
Stage I breast cancer - in stage IA, the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has not spread outside the breast. In stage IB, no tumor is found in the breast or the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller. Small clusters of cancer cells (larger than 0.2 millimeter but not larger than 2 millimeters) are found in the lymph nodes.
Stage IV breast cancer - the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, most often the bones, lungs, liver, or brain.
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Physical examination of a patient is done that include armpits, chest area, breasts and neck area. A number of tests are performed for diagnosing breast cancer that include -
Breast Cancer Treatments
The main breast cancer treatment options may include -
Radical Mastectomy - the chest wall muscle along with the breast and the axillary lymph nodes are removed in this surgery.
Modified Radical Mastectomy - the surgical procedure is performed for removing axillary lymph nodes along with the breast tissue.
Sentinel node biopsy - one lymph node is surgically removed. If the breast cancer has reached a lymph node it can spread further through the lymphatic system into other parts of the body.
Axillary lymph node dissection - if the sentinel node was found to have cancer cells, the surgeon may recommend removing several nymph nodes in the armpit.
Breast reconstruction surgery - a series of surgical procedures aimed at recreating a breast so that it looks as much as possible like the other breast. This procedure may be carried out at the same time as a mastectomy. The surgeon may use a breast implant, or tissue from another part of the patient’s body.
Radiation therapy (radiotherapy) - Controlled doses of radiation are targeted at the tumor to destroy the cancer cells. Usually, radiotherapy is used after surgery, as well as chemotherapy to kill off any cancer cells that may still be around. Radiation therapy types include:
Chemotherapy - in this therapy medications are used that travel through the bloodstream to the cancer cells. These medications are given either through the mouth or by intravenous injection.
Hormone therapy - hormone therapy is used for reducing the risk of cancer reoccurrence after the completion of the surgery. A hormone produced by the ovaries known as estrogen helps in promoting the growth of breast cancers.
Lumpectomy - this type of surgery may be recommended if the tumor is small and the surgeon believes it will be easy to separate from the tissue around it.
Mastectomy - surgically removing the breast. Simple mastectomy involves removing the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and some skin. Radical mastectomy means also removing muscle of the chest wall and the lymph nodes in the armpit.
"Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions".
"The purpose of our lives is to be happy" - Dalai Lama