What is a hernia?
A hernia occurs when the inside layers of the abdominal wall weaken then bulge or tear. The inner lining of the abdomen pushes through the weakened area to form a balloon-like sac. This, in turn, can cause a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue to slip into the sac, causing severe pain and other potentially serious health problems.
Men and women of all ages can have hernias. Hernias usually occur either because of a natural weakness in the abdominal wall or from excessive strain on the abdominal wall such as strain from heavy lifting, substantial weight gain, persistent coughing, or difficulty with bowel movements or urination. Eighty percent of all hernias are located near the groin. Hernias might also be found below the groin (femoral), through the navel (umbilical), and along a previous incision (incisional).
I can’t imagine the direction of the wind, but I can adjust my sails to alway search my destination.
When it’s dark enough, you can see the stars.
Once you choose hope, anything’s possible. Hope never abandons you, you abandon it.
The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, and a deep loving concern. Beautiful people do not just happen.
Dear GOD, if today I lose my hope please remind me that your plans are better than my Dream.....
Symptoms of Hernia
The symptoms of a hernia can vary depending on the location and severity, but may include:
Types of Hernia
The abdominal wall isn’t a solid sheet of muscle; it is made up of different layers. Certain areas are structurally weaker than others and therefore more likely to develop hernias. The different types of hernia include:
Inguinal - occurring in the groin. This is the most common form, accounting for more than nine out of 10 hernias. A loop of intestine pushes against the small ring of muscle in the groin, eventually splitting the muscle fibres apart. Inguinal hernias affect more men than women and are particularly common in middle age.
Femoral - occurring high on the thigh, where the leg joins the body. Similar to the events that cause an inguinal hernia, intestines force their way through the weak muscle ring at the femoral canal until they protrude. This herniated section of bowel is at risk of strangulation, which is a serious complication requiring urgent medical attention. Femoral hernias are more common in women.
Umbilical - a portion of the gut pushes through a muscular weakness near the navel, or belly button. This type of hernia is more common in newborns. Overweight women, or those who have had several pregnancies, are also at increased risk.
Incisional - after abdominal surgery, the site of repair will always be structurally weaker. Sometimes, the intestines can push through the closed incision, causing a hernia.
Epigastric Hernia - the epigastric hernia hardly ever contains intestine and are made up of fatty tissue. Epigastric hernia occurs in between the lower part of the rib cage in the mid line of the abdomen and the navel. This type of hernia is usually painless and they cannot be pushed back into the abdomen.
Obturator Hernia - this is a rare type of hernia is frequently seen in women. Obturator hernia stands out from the pelvic cavity through an opening in the obturator foramen (pelvic bone). This type of hernia may not show any bowel obstruction but can result into vomiting and nausea. This is hard to diagnose as there is no bulging.
Spigelian Hernia - spigelian hernia develops at the border line of the rectus abdominus muscle throughout the spigelian fascia. This is also a rare type of hernia.
What is Hernia Surgery ?
The condition of hernia arises when the contents (abdominal fatty tissue or portions of the intestine) of a body cavity bulge out of the area where they are generally contained. The thin membrane encloses all the contents that outline the inside of the cavity. The condition of hernia may not produce any symptoms but may result in severe pain. The blood supply is cut off when the contents bulge out through the opening that creates severe pressure on the blood vessels. This calls for surgical or medical emergency as blood supplies the oxygen to the tissues.
Causes of Hernia
Hernias can be present at the time of birth and can also develop in the later stages of life. When the abdominal cavity’s pressure increases, it may result in the formation of hernia. It include:
If you have a hernia, whether or not you will need surgery will depend on:
The surgical procedure for fixing a hernia is termed as hernia repair. Herniorrhaphy is the other name for this procedure. There are 2 kinds of hernia repair -
Laparoscopic Hernia Repair (Minimally-Invasive Hernia Repair) - in minimally-invasive hernia repair, a surgeon uses a laparoscope - a thin tube with a tiny video camera at its tip - small tools, and a small piece of plastic mesh to fix a hernia. Some patients recover more quickly from minimally-invasive hernia repair than they do from open hernia repair. It may cause less pain than open hernia repair.
Traditional (open) Hernia Repair - in open hernia repair, a surgeon makes an incision in the patient’s abdomen, and pushes the bulging tissue or organ back where they belong. Often the surgeon uses a small piece of plastic mesh to repair the defect in the muscle tissue.
"Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions".
"The purpose of our lives is to be happy" - Dalai Lama