Neuro and Spine Surgeries
Brain AneurysmWhat is Brain Aneurysm?Read more...
Brain SurgeryWhat is Brain Surgery?Read more...
Brain TumorWhat is Brain Tumor?Read more...
CraniosynostosisWhat is Craniosynostosis?Read more...
Carotid Artery DiseaseWhat is Carotid Artery Disease?Read more...
Carpel Tunnel SyndromeWhat is Carpel Tunnel Syndrome?Read more...
EpilepsyWhat is Epilepsy?Read more...
HydrocephalusWhat is Hydrocephalus?Read more...
Herniated DiscWhat is Herniated Disc?Read more...
HeadacheWhat is Headache?Read more...
Lumbar Spinal StenosisWhat is Lumbar Spinal Stenosis?Read more...
Parkinson DiseaseWhat is Parkinson Disease?Read more...
StrokeWhat is Stroke?Read more...
Spina BifidaWhat is Spina Bifida?Read more...
Spinal Cord InjuryWhat is Spinal Cord Injury?Read more...
Spinal FusionWhat is Spinal Fusion?Read more...
Spinal LaminectomyWhat is Spinal Laminectomy?Read more...
Spinal TumorWhat is Spinal Tumor?Read more...
What is a Brain Tumor ?
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth?of tissue in the brain or central spine that can disrupt proper brain function. Doctors refer to a tumor based on where the tumor cells originated, and whether they are cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). This rare condition can be seen in both adults and children. Cancerous (malignant) tumors are more aggressive and serious than non-cancerous (benign) tumor. There are approximately 140 types of brain tumors that can develop in the brain. Metastatic or primary are the two types of brain tumors. Primary tumors develop in the brain and does not spread outside the brain. Unlike primary tumors, metastatic tumors develop in other body part and spreads to the brain through lymphatic or blood tissue. Kidney cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and breast cancer can spread to the brain. A brain tumor can result in a number of neurological problems. There are many types of brain tumors. Some common tumors are:
Benign - the least aggressive type of brain tumor is often called a benign brain tumor. They originate from cells within or surrounding the brain, do not contain cancer cells, grow slowly, and typically have clear borders that do not spread into other tissue. Usually, benign tumors can be removed, and they seldom grow back. They don’t spread to other parts of the body. However, benign tumors can press on sensitive areas of the brain and cause serious health problems. Unlike benign tumors in most other parts of the body, benign brain tumors are sometimes life threatening. Benign brain tumors may become malignant.
Malignant - malignant brain tumors contain cancer cells and often do not have clear borders. They are considered to be life threatening because they grow rapidly and invade surrounding brain tissue. Malignant brain tumors are generally more serious and often are a threat to life. Cancer cells may break away from malignant brain tumors and spread to other parts of the brain or to the spinal cord. They rarely spread to other parts of the body.
Primary - tumors that start in cells of the brain are called primary brain tumors. Primary brain tumors may spread to other parts of the brain or to the spine, but rarely to other organs.
Metastatic - metastatic or secondary brain tumors begin in another part of the body and then spread to the brain. These tumors are more common than primary brain tumors and are named by the location in which they begin.
Tumor grade - doctors group brain tumors by grade. The grade of a tumor refers to the way the cells look under a microscope:
Cells from low-grade tumors (grades I and II) look more normal and generally grow more slowly than cells from high-grade tumors (grades III and IV).
Over time, a low-grade tumor may become a high grade tumor. However, the change to a high-grade tumor happens more often among adults than children.
I can’t imagine the direction of the wind, but I can adjust my sails to alway search my destination.
When it’s dark enough, you can see the stars.
Once you choose hope, anything’s possible. Hope never abandons you, you abandon it.
The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, and a deep loving concern. Beautiful people do not just happen.
Dear GOD, if today I lose my hope please remind me that your plans are better than my Dream.....
Symptoms of Brain Tumors
Brain tumor symptoms can vary according to tumor type and location. There are times a person may have no symptoms when their brain tumor is discovered. Headaches are considered as the most common symptoms of a brain tumor. Further symptoms are:
Brain Tumor Surgery
Brain tumors can only be removed by the means of surgery. Surgery is the only treatment for non-cancerous (benign) tumors. Whereas cancerous (malignant) tumors require treatment along with the surgery that include chemotherapy or radiation therapy. There are different goals of any treatment for brain tumors:
The diagnosis of a brain tumor is done by using MRIs or CT scans. There are some treatment options available for treating brain tumors. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery are the surgical options for removing brain tumors. The treatment depends upon certain factors:
Proton therapy can be considered as one of the best treatment options for brain tumors. Proton therapy minimizes side effects as compared to traditional radiation therapy and also long term complications can be avoided. Proton therapy uses higher doses of radiation for targeting brain cancer. This also causes less damage to the surrounding tissues.
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)
GBM is considered as the most serious and common type of malignant brain tumors, which is also a part of the glamorous tumor. GBM is a fast-growing type of malignant brain tumor that is the most common brain tumor in adults. Glioblastoma multiforme majorly develops in the cerebral hemispheres but it can also spread to the spinal cord, brainstem and brain. Its common characteristics include:
Surgery is the only treatment for GBM. The surgery can be combined with radiation therapy or can be followed by radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is used after the completion of the surgery in order to destroy leftover tumor cells and also prevents their reappearance.
Astrocytoma Brain Tumor
Astrocytoma tumors are a form of glioma with star-shaped cells. They often grow very slowly or not at all for long periods of time which forms a supportive brain tissue. Ependymal and oligodendrocytes cells are the other type of supportive brain cells. Together they are termed as glial cells and forms glial tissue. This tumor is subdivided into four categories such as grade I astrocytoma, grade II astrocytoma, grade III astrocytoma and grade IV astrocytome. One of the usual symptoms of this tumor is the growing pressure within the skull. Major symptoms are mental status changes, headache and vomiting. Other symptoms are obtuseness, drowsiness, personality changes, lethargy and disordered conduct. Gliomas are treated by using radiation therapy. In young children, the growing pressure of an astrocytoma tumor inside the skull may enlarge the head.
"Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions".
"The purpose of our lives is to be happy" - Dalai Lama