Neuro and Spine Surgeries
Brain AneurysmWhat is Brain Aneurysm?Read more...
Brain SurgeryWhat is Brain Surgery?Read more...
Brain TumorWhat is Brain Tumor?Read more...
CraniosynostosisWhat is Craniosynostosis?Read more...
Carotid Artery DiseaseWhat is Carotid Artery Disease?Read more...
Carpel Tunnel SyndromeWhat is Carpel Tunnel Syndrome?Read more...
EpilepsyWhat is Epilepsy?Read more...
HydrocephalusWhat is Hydrocephalus?Read more...
Herniated DiscWhat is Herniated Disc?Read more...
HeadacheWhat is Headache?Read more...
Lumbar Spinal StenosisWhat is Lumbar Spinal Stenosis?Read more...
Parkinson DiseaseWhat is Parkinson Disease?Read more...
StrokeWhat is Stroke?Read more...
Spina BifidaWhat is Spina Bifida?Read more...
Spinal Cord InjuryWhat is Spinal Cord Injury?Read more...
Spinal FusionWhat is Spinal Fusion?Read more...
Spinal LaminectomyWhat is Spinal Laminectomy?Read more...
Spinal TumorWhat is Spinal Tumor?Read more...
What is Parkinson Disease?
The progressive disorder of the nervous system that specifically causes problem with the movements such as writing and walking is termed as Parkinson’s disease. Parkinsonvs disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain.
Normally, these nerve cells make an important chemical called dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the part of your brain that controls movement. It lets your muscles move smoothly and do what you want them to do. When you have Parkinson’s, these nerve cells break down. Then you no longer have enough dopamine, and you have trouble moving the way you want to.
Parkinson’s is progressive, which means it gets worse over time. But usually this happens slowly, over a period of many years. And there are good treatments that can help you live a full life.
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When it’s dark enough, you can see the stars.
Once you choose hope, anything’s possible. Hope never abandons you, you abandon it.
The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, and a deep loving concern. Beautiful people do not just happen.
Dear GOD, if today I lose my hope please remind me that your plans are better than my Dream.....
What causes Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's disease is caused by the progressive impairment or deterioration of neurons (nerve cells) in an area of the brain known as the substantia nigra. When functioning normally, these neurons produce a vital brain chemical known as dopamine. Dopamine serves as a chemical messenger allowing communication between the substantia nigra and another area of the brain called the corpus striatum. This communication coordinates smooth and balanced muscle movement. A lack of dopamine results in abnormal nerve functioning, causing a loss in the ability to control body movements.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
The symptoms of Parkinson's disease usually begin slowly and develop gradually, often in no particular order. Parkinson's disease affects people in many different ways with a variety of symptoms and responses to treatment. Severity of the symptoms also varies between people.
Tremors - trembling in fingers, hands, arms, feet, legs, jaw, or head. Tremors most often occur while the individual is resting, but not while involved in a task. Tremors may worsen when an individual is excited, tired, or stressed.
Rigidity - stiffness of the limbs and trunk, which may increase during movement. Rigidity may produce muscle aches and pain. Loss of fine hand movements can lead to cramped handwriting (micrographia) and may make eating difficult.
Bradykinesia - slowness of voluntary movement. Over time, it may become difficult to initiate movement and to complete movement. Bradykinesia together with stiffness can also affect the facial muscles and result in an expressionless, "mask-like" appearance.
Postural instability - impaired or lost reflexes can make it difficult to adjust posture to maintain balance. Postural instability may lead to falls.
Parkinsonian gait - individuals with more progressive Parkinson’s disease develop a distinctive shuffling walk with a stooped position and a diminished or absent arm swing. It may become difficult to start walking and to make turns. Individuals may freeze in mid-stride and appear to fall forward while walking.
Secondary symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
Stages of Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease results in many symptoms and affects people in different ways. Its symptoms could be mild or severe and the disease is divided into five stages.
Stage 1 - during this initial phase of the disease, a patient usually experiences mild symptoms. These symptoms may inconvenience the day-to-day tasks the patient would otherwise complete with ease. Typically these symptoms will include the presence of tremors or experiencing shaking in one of the limbs. Also during stage one, friends and family can usually detect changes in the Parkinson’s patient including poor posture, loss of balance, and abnormal facial expressions.
Stage 2 - during the second stage, the symptoms are bilateral that affects both sides of the body and limbs. A patient can face problems while maintaining balance or walking. Another striking symptom could be the inability to complete normal physical tasks.
Stage 3 - stage three symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can be rather severe and include the inability to walk straight or to stand. There is a noticeable slowing of physical movements in stage three.
Stage 4 - this stage of the disease is accompanied by severe symptoms of Parkinson’s. Walking may still occur, but it is often limited and rigidity and bradykinesia are often visible. During this stage, most patients are unable to complete day-to-day tasks, and usually cannot live on their own. The tremors or shakiness that take over during the earlier stages however, may lessen or become non-existent for unknown reasons during this time.
Stage 5 - there is no physical movement in this final stage. A patient may not be able to walk or stand. Constant medical care is required at this stage. A patient at stage five usually requires constant one-on-one nursing care.
How is Parkinson’s Disease Diagnosed?
Unfortunately, there is no diagnostic test that can confirm Parkinson’s disease. Laboratory testing of the blood of patients with the symptoms typical of Parkinson’s only rarely uncovers any abnormality.
Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease can be treated with the help of some specific medications. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is one of the most common surgical procedures for those patients who are suffering from Parkinson’s disease. This surgery helps in slowing the movements and reduces the severity of muscle rigidity. During the surgical procedure, a wire inside the brain is connected with a pacemaker type device which is implanted under the skin in the chest.
Certain self-help strategies and lifestyle changes may help improve symptoms and make living with Parkinson’s disease easier.
Reduce stress - stress can make many Parkinson’s disease symptoms worse, so it’s important to use relaxation techniques and other ways to manage your stress
Physical therapy is often recommended by doctors and almost always beneficial.
Avoid isolation - reach out to family and friends. Join a support group for patients with Parkinson’s disease that can unite you with other people facing the same challenges. This can greatly help with feelings of isolation and depression that affect many Parkinson’s patients.
Exercise can also greatly ease symptoms, as well as reduce stress and boost your mood. Research shows that patients with Parkinson’s disease who exercise regularly do better than those who don’t. Any type of physical activity that raises your heart rate can be beneficial.
"Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions".
"The purpose of our lives is to be happy" - Dalai Lama