What is Infertility
Assisted HatchingWhat Is Assisted Hatching?Read more...
Assisted ReproductionWhat is Assisted Reproduction?Read more...
In-Vitro FertilizationIVF Treatment (In-Vitro Fertilization)Read more...
Intrauterine inseminationWhat is IUI (Intrauterine insemination)?Read more...
SurrogacyWhat is Surrogacy?Read more...
What is infertility?
Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying (or six months if a woman is 35 or older). Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps. To get pregnant:
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Dear GOD, if today I lose my hope please remind me that your plans are better than my Dream.....
Is infertility just a woman’s problem?
No, infertility is not always a woman’s problem. Both women and men can have problems that cause infertility. About one-third of infertility cases are caused by women’s problems. Another one third of fertility problems are due to the man. The other cases are caused by a mixture of male and female problems or by unknown problems.
Most cases of female infertility are caused by problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include irregular or absent menstrual periods.
Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormone imbalance problem which can interfere with normal ovulation. PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is another cause of ovulation problems. POI occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop working normally before she is 40. POI is not the same as early menopause.
What causes infertility in men?
Infertility in men is most often caused by varicocele (VAIR-ih-koh-seel). This happens when the veins on a man’s testicle(s) are too large. This heats the testicles. The heat can affect the number or shape of the sperm.
Other factors that cause a man to make too few sperm or none at all.
Movement of the sperm. This may be caused by the shape of the sperm. Sometimes injuries or other damage to the reproductive system block the sperm.
Sometimes a man is born with the problems that affect his sperm. Other times problems start later in life due to illness or injury. For example, cystic fibrosis often causes infertility in men.
Fertility treatments can be grouped into three categories:
Medicines to improve fertility - these are sometimes used alone, but can also be used in addition to assisted conception.
Surgical treatments - these may be used when a cause of the infertility is found that may be helped by an operation.
Assisted conception - this includes several techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
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