What is Liver?
The liver is the largest glandular organ in the body and performs many vital functions to keep the body pure of toxins and harmful substances.
It is a vital organ that supports nearly every organ in the body in some facet. Without a healthy liver, a person cannot survive.
An average adult liver weighs about three pounds. Located in the upper-right portion of the abdominal cavity under the diaphragm, the liver consists of two lobes. It receives about 1.5 quarts of blood every minute via the hepatic artery and portal vein.
The liver is considered a gland-an organ that secretes chemicals-because it produces bile, a substance needed to digest fats. Bile’s salts break up fat into smaller pieces so it can be absorbed more easily in the small intestine.
In addition to producing bile, the liver:
The destruction of old red blood cells produces waste that gives fecal matter its usual brown color. Discoloration of stool - or darkened urine - could signal something is wrong with your liver.
Another common sign of liver problems is jaundice, the yellowing of the skin and eyes due to the buildup of bilirubin, a waste product of normal hemoglobin breakdown.
Because the liver performs so many vital functions, it is prone to disease.
Common liver diseases include hepatitis infection, fatty liver disease, cancer as well as damage from alcohol, the pain reliever acetaminophen, and some cancer drugs.
Cirrhosis of the liver occurs when the organ becomes scarred and hardened so that it cannot function properly. This is most often caused by chronic liver disease brought on by long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis C infection.
Liver dialysis - in which a machine performs the detoxification function of the liver - is still a relatively new treatment, and it cannot support a person longer than a few years. Dialysis is normally used as a bridge between liver failure and liver transplant surgery.
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What is a Liver Transplant ?
It is common knowledge that the liver is the largest internal organ weighing about 3 pounds and acts as a storage house by removing toxic byproducts of certain medications. Liver Transplant is an operation that replaces a diseased liver with a healthy liver or a segment of a liver from another person called the donor. The most common technique is Orthotopic Transplantation in which the liver is removed and is replaced by the donor organ in the same anatomic location as the original liver. Liver failure can occur suddenly or as a result of complications from certain medications. Liver transplants are the most accepted treatment for end stage liver disease and acute liver failure. After a transplant, the patient will be free from the disease and lead a fairly normal life. Liver Transplants are classified as
There are three types of liver transplant:
Criteria for Liver Transplant
When the liver is so diseased that is not able to maintain the normal body functions, then liver transplant is required. There are various conditions that can lead to a liver failure. They are :
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